Periodontal surgery treats one of the most aggressive infections known in the dental world. Periodontal or gum disease, if left untreated can destroy vital periodontal structures that protect the teeth and maintain their health within the jaw. Without caring for your gums the way you should, tooth loss and infection can be harmful to your health and your appearance.
If you have been taking not such good care of your gums, advancement into moderate to advanced periodontal disease can result in the need for surgical measures.
When oral hygiene is inadequate, the gums become infected by bacteria that manifest itself in plaque, a thin film of food remnants in bacteria. In response, the body creates inflammation that serves as a defense mechanism to isolate and destroy said bacteria.
The only way to stop gum disease, at whatever stage it is currently in, is to remove bacterial plaque and calculus. The use of special hand instruments called scalers to manually remove calculus and plaque are both involved in periodontal surgery. If a deeper cleaning of the root surface is needed, a gum specialist may need to be moved in for a manual plaque removal technique known as root planing. An additional help for the tissues to heal is an antibiotic treatment used to reduce bacteria levels in the mouth.
After periodontal surgery, it is also necessary for the patient to change their behavior and lifestyle. The disease develops in advances most primarily because of a lack of effective hygiene. The dental professionals at Peak Dental work tirelessly to educate our patients on how to treat their mouth and dental hygiene with the utmost importance at home.
Once the infection has caused deep periodontal pockets, gum surgery is done and needed to access, clean, and repair the disease areas. One technique used in surgery creates a three-sided flap in the gum tissue, with one side attached to the blood supply. Opening the flap, the surgeon accesses deep periodontal pockets to perform plaque removal, when finished the surgeon then sutures the flap closed with self-dissolving stitches. Regenerative techniques may also be needed to regrow lost tissue or bone and can include grafting procedure to obtain tissue from other parts of the mouth.
If you still have questions about periodontal surgery or think you are a candidate for periodontal surgery, feel free to give us a call or send us an email at the time most convenient for you.